climate change and eco terrorism

The idea that terrorism and climate change are somehow connected is a seductive one. Climate change is helping terrorism and organized crime thrive in fragile states, boosting recruitment for groups like Boko Haram and ISIS, according to a new report. Eco-terrorism is often defined as the use of violence carried out to further environmental policy change. Biden will be the fourth U.S. president that Merkel — who has led Germany since 2005 — has dealt with as chancellor. As part of its mission, the Department of Homeland Security should support efforts by the National Forest Service to develop, test, and demonstrate approaches to ecosystem restoration that are environmentally sound, economically sustainable, and socially acceptable. The Taliban, the Islamic State and Al Shabaab have expanded the effort, using the West's failure to act on climate change for recruitment purposes. A report by the New Jersey Office of Homeland Security and Preparedness identified 26 specific threats of water contamination in the United States between 1968 and 2008. The Lebanese militant group, Hezbollah, used wildfire as a part of its military strategy,  as well as an economic and psychological attack, during its 2006 conflict with Israel. “While developing countries produce few greenhouse gases, they have the most to lose to the greenhouse effect, and militants are highlighting this disparity.” Osama bin Laden, organizer of the 9/11 attacks who was killed in 2011, relied on environmental issues in his propaganda. And Somalia must contend with Al Shabaab devastating forests and burning charcoal to fund their violent wars. But a holistic approach offers opportunities to address both problems at once. Duterte tells UN: Fight climate change with the same urgency as … It includes social concerns, as illustrated by the Skirball Fire, … Civil society should muster its own response to terrorist groups’ attempts to hijack the environmental movement. Severe drought as a result of climatic weather shifts raises vulnerability of water systems as reservoirs continue to dry up. All rights reserved. In a changing climate, the wall between natural disasters and terrorism is breaking down, creating new vulnerabilities. As development banks invest in natural resource management and water conservation in particular, governments in the Global South can dedicate more capital to curbing droughts and other environmental issues that enable terrorist groups to promote their causes and recruit followers. Water shortages due to shifting weather patterns increase vulnerability to these methods with significant consequences for people, infrastructure, and the economy. During his many years in hiding, the figurehead lent rhetorical support to the environmental movement, and the true extent of his dedication to environmentalism remains subject to debate. Global warming also ranked highest among environmental issues, at 57%. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. Terrorism and environment: Osama bin Laden, the environmentalist? If the Iraqi government can ensure that farmers have access to irrigation and the Yemeni government can supply water to rural areas, ISIS and AQAP are less attractive replacements. Drought also creates tinderbox conditions, increasing the potential for intentionally set fires near populated areas and critical infrastructure. In total, 41% respondents selected climate change, followed by pollution (36%) and terrorism (31%). Though the debate over how to find a solution to climate change remains divisive in much of the Middle East and the West, every country appreciates the need to defeat ISIS and Al Qaeda. Our new video, featuring Neil Morisetti and Bert Koenders, sheds light on ongoing discussions and latest research revolving around climate change, non-state armed groups and Current policies to protect critical infrastructure and key resources focus on hardening and monitoring. For their part, scientists have warned that climate change will significantly worsen living conditions in the Middle East and in North Africa” and “prolonged heat waves and desert dust storms can render some regions uninhabitable.” The greater the havoc wreaked by global warming in the region, the more opportunities terrorist groups find to coopt the environmental movement. Militant organizations including ISIS, Hezbollah, and Al Qaeda have openly promulgated a strategy of ecological jihad. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The causes of—and remedies for—these two kinds of disasters are seen as separate and distinct. In contrast to other methods employed by extremists, environmental tactics, such as contaminating water supplies or starting fires, can be quickly planned, require little technical expertise to execute, and are harder to detect. Climate change could exacerbate these factors in multiple ways. Young people are especially vulnerable to eco-anxiety, as most of the burden for fixing climate change will fall on them. In reality, the terrorist groups that claim to lament environmental degradation instead aggravate it in the name of financing sectarian violence. Distributed power systems, such as on-site photovoltaics or micro-grid generation, reduce the risk of widespread power failures as well as the cascading effects and economic damage that result. Elsewhere, ISIS’s shortsighted efforts to tap wells seized from the petroleum industry led to oil spills throughout Iraq, and Al Shabaab has burned once-lush Somali forests in its search for charcoal and wood to sell. Bernie Sanders similarly linked climate change and the growth of terrorism at the Democratic debate, just a day after the Paris attacks. In 2018, meanwhile, Al Shabaab, a Somali offshoot of Al Qaeda that coordinates many of its operations with AQAP, outlawed plastic bags after terming them “a serious threat to the wellbeing of humans and animals alike.”. Climate change is transforming the way we think about security. Centralized utilities with large, complex distribution systems are more vulnerable to targeted disruptions with consequences of failure spread across a larger population. Climate Change Adaptation and Population Dynamics in Latin America and the Caribbean (Report), A Dangerous Dichotomy: Women’s Paid and Unpaid Work During COVID-19, U.S. v. China: The Global Battle for Hearts, Minds, and Resources. As climate and weather patterns shift, the resulting environmental crisis is being leveraged as a tool for terror and political violence. Climate change and human modification may restrict ecosystems’ ability to temper the impacts of extreme conditions, and thus may increase vulnerability to damage. Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, or AQAP, often described as the most dangerous offshoot of bin Laden’s terrorist group, reapplied ISIS’s approach to its sphere of influence in Yemen several years later. Climate Change, Terrorism Top List of Challenges Facing US Military The crew of the Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Hampton (SSN 767) … Photo Credit: Rescuers and residents gather at the charred scene following a bomb blast connected to Boko Haram at Terminus market in the central Nigerian city of Jos on May 20, 2014. ISIS employed a multipronged strategy, offering recruits food and $400 a month while arguing that the Iraqi government cared little about the environmental issues devastating the heartland. Rescuers and residents gather at the charred scene following a bomb blast connected to Boko Haram at Terminus market in the central Nigerian city of Jos on May 20, 2014. In 2012, an issue of the online magazine Inspire surfaced on jihadi Internet forums detailing how to construct an “ember bomb” to target forested areas of the United States. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says in the long term, Even Osama bin Laden, an inspiration for terrorist groups, turned global warming into propaganda. The Adelphi report cites several examples where the impacts of climate change are already spurring or exacerbating terrorism. We can’t afford cabs, either, which have gotten much pricier these last few weeks. In reality, the groups finance terrorist activities with illegal logging, oil operations, poaching and other acts of environmental degradation. Terrorists take advantage of disruptions in fragile states – and these include water and food shortages associated with climate change. Eco-terrorism, civil disobedience, and sabotage. Climate Change Fiction Is Rethinking The Ecoterrorist We don't need to be on board with the extreme actions of characters in First Reformed … AQAP fixed water mains and wells in towns struggling with droughts as political violence undercut the ability of the Yemeni government to provide similar basic services to the few regions under its control. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Scott Somers is Professor of Practice in Emergency Management at Arizona State University. For its part, the news media must emphasize terrorist groups’ contributions to environmental degradation instead of equating them with the environmental movement. 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